Sunday, October 4, 2015

Summary Response Outline
Act 5 Othello By Kayla Lampe

Summary: no opinion (no “I think”); no personal words (I, You, Me, My, Us, We, Our, Your)
Othello, by Shakespeare, reveals to the reader the only repercussion from obtaining revenge is destruction. Iago makes advances in his plans to destroy the lives of others. He deceives Roderigo and convinces him to attempt to murder Cassio. He also persuades Othello to finally follow through with killing Desdemona, whom he finds meaning and purpose in his life. After all the bloodshed comes to fruition, Iago does not become lieutenant, the very thing that motivates his revenge towards Othello and Cassio. Act 5 of Shakespeare’s play, Othello, affirms to the audience that revenge brings no satisfaction to one’s life and destruction is the only possible outcome.
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas (no quotes)
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • Concise/Short
  • Contribute ideas back to author
  • no plot
  • In your own words

  • Topic sentence: Title/Author/Agree Disagree/ Main Idea
Othello, written by Shakespeare, correctly portrays how revenge brings nothing but annihilation to one’s life.
  • Correctly/Incorrectly portrays
  • Make an argument
  • Claim 1:
Iago craves revenge and won’t let anyone or anything get in the way of him attaining his goal. Iago knows he has gained unworthy trust with Roderigo and Othello and will use that trust as a tool for manipulation. Iago desires Othello’s life to be wrecked because Othello did not promote him to lieutenant. Iago tells Othello that Desdemona has been unfaithful to him and she deserves to be punished through death. Othello perceives Iago to be an honest and loyal friend, so he believes every word of Iago’s deceptions. Othello accuses Desdemona of being unfaithful with Cassio. Desdemona denies that she was ever unfaithful, but Othello does not believe her, “O perjured woman, thou dost stone my heart, And mak’st me call what I intend to do A murder, which I thought a sacrifice!” (Shakespeare 5.1.71-73) and “It is too late. (he smothers her),” (Shakespeare 5.1.95). Othello chooses to believe Iago over his own wife. He ends up killing the very thing he lives for and the one person who truly loves him. Othello believes killing Desdemona is not murder, but a sacrifice. Once Desdemona pleads her case that she never gave the handkerchief to Cassio, Othello feels some guilt and admits this to her.

  • Gives context to the quote
    • Evidence: Quote
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
  • Counterclaim 1(address the opposing viewpoint in order to make my point stronger): However, ....
Iago was determined to destroy Othello’s life, and though this brought turmoil for Othello, Iago may have received satisfaction watching Othello’s life fall apart. Losing Desdemona would cause more despair in Othello’s life than any other event, so Iago made sure it happened. Othello has made the decision to murder Desdemona, yet even so he says, “Yet I’ll not shed her blood, Nor scar that whiter skin of hers than snow And smooth as monumental alabaster,” (Shakespeare 5.2.3-5). Desdemona still controls a large part of Othello’s life even after he believes she has wronged him. He still loves her deep down inside and doesn’t want to feel the need to kill her. Othello makes the decision to kill her without injuring her outer body because she is too beautiful to shed blood or be scarred. It is evident that Othello is in pain and turmoil and that was exactly Iago’s intentions. Iago has achieved his goal and this may bring satisfaction to his life, though it be evil.

    • Set-up
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
  • Claim 2:
    • Set-up
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
  • Counterclaim 2: Although, ....
    • Set-up
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Act 5 of the play, Othello, written by Shakespeare, shows the reader that no satisfaction comes from seeking revenge.

Proposal Paper
Rebuttal progression:

1st step: Describe a "naive response" or an opposing interpretation of your position. A "naive view" is a view that you personally disagree with or a view that misses something important. But don't use the word "naive." Say something like…
I used to think that...
A common view is that...
At first glance...
Many think that....
X argues that...
Critics of ____ propose…

At first glance one could think that satisfaction is achieved after Iago gains revenge.

2nd step: Briefly explain the logic or reasoning of this "naive view." Answer the question, "Why would someone think this way? Why would they find their answer or solution logical or reasonable?" Why did I think this way? Say something like...
We cannot deny that...
This way of making sense of the position makes a degree of sense [why?]
This position seems reasonable [why?]
I can understand why someone might interpret X in this way [explain how so]
These conclusions seem compelling [why?]

This position may seem reasonable because Iago succeeded in making Othello’s life miserable.

3rd step: Provide a transition that indicates that you are going to contrast this "naive view." Say something like...
But it's more complicated than that...
This interpretation is helpful, but it misses an important point...
This interpretation raises a fundamental question...
While this view seems plausible/reasonable at first glance, we should look closer...

However, Iago didn’t attain the very thing that motivated his revenge. His reason for revenge was because Cassio was lieutenant when Iago felt he deserved the position more. After all the drama that took place in Cyprus, Cassio was raised to an even higher position because Othello was charged for murder. The little satisfaction Iago may have felt when Othello was in misery could have only lasted a short time until he remembered the reason he craved revenge so fervently. The consequences of Iago’s plan for revenge were the death of both Desdemona and Roderigo. Also, Othello’s life was devastated because he lost his title and would forevermore have to deal with the guilt of knowing he had killed Desdemona.

1 comment:

  1. Response: explanations of quotations: explain quote, connect to claim/counterclaim- claim really needs this; rebuttal: follow progression- how does this fit with what you proved in claim and counterclaim- not seeing the connection;